Wreck diving is a very exciting type of diving. In the seas and oceans you will find sunken ships or planes, while diving in the lakes you can find various objects like a sunken car, bus, excavator or even a tank. The physical condition and size of the sunken vessels varies greatly.
However, when diving on shipwrecks, we must remember that safety is the most important thing. Today we will try to answer the most important questions about wreck diving. How to do it safely and what equipment to use. You’ll find answers in this article.
Wreck diving is one of the most interesting ways to spend time underwater. Wrecks are sunken witnesses of events that took place in the past. Diving on shipwrecks allows us to go back in time and often explore their very interesting history.
Diving on wrecks, you can see what power nature has and how fragile a man-made object can be. The wreck diving specialization is one of the most interesting training you’ll encounter on your dive route.
At the beginning of the adventure with diving, each descent under water is fascinating. However, with time we gain experience and specialize in the selected type of diving. Some dive to watch colorful fish, others choose deep dives, others underwater photography.
Wreck diving is also different. We can dive on a huge ship from World War II or on a sunken passenger plane. So what is wreck diving?
The wreck on which you can dive is an unusable ship or other object. As for sunken ships, there are many reasons for sinking. Some settle in shallows, others sink due to a collision or during a storm. Ships were also set on fire by vandals, pirates or owners seeking compensation.
How the ship sank has a significant impact on what we can find on the wreck. The condition of the wreck can tell us a lot about why the ship sank.
There is almost everything here, both small boats and huge ships sunk during the war. Very interesting and specific wreck dives include those on sunken aircraft or submarines. This fantastic landscape is at your fingertips.
You can immerse and swim next to huge steel ships that have already finished their service, or discover the wooden hulls of boats sunk hundreds of years ago.
During wreck diving, remember about safety rules to avoid danger. The most common threat may be:
Sharp objects – many wrecks have damaged parts that can be creased and torn. Often this is the result of the force that led to the sinking, and sometimes the action of the sea. During the dive, be careful of all sharp parts, as rough diving can cause injuries and abrasions.
Currents – may hinder the penetration of the wreck or make it impossible to penetrate the wreck. Often reaching the wreck can be very difficult. If there is a strong current on the wreck, narrow passages should definitely be avoided.
Poor visibility – limiting visibility is dangerous. When we do not see where we are, it is easy to get lost or hurt by protruding elements of the structure. It should be emphasized that getting lost in a confined space is very dangerous and you must not enter flooded objects without training. In poor visibility, it’s best to end the wreck’s penetration and change the dive site.
Unstable structures – due to age, wrecks become unstable. Floors and ceilings collapse, walls and partitions weaken and bend. It is absolutely necessary to avoid shipwrecks whose technical condition may cause collapse or collapse. If you realize that a given part of the wreck is unstable, sail away from there. Avoid swimming under elements that may fall on us.
Braiding – on the wrecks you can find various types of ropes, wires and cables. A scuba diver can get involved in all this. The worst, however, are networks, it can be very dangerous to get involved in them. When diving, look carefully to avoid tangling. However, if you get tangled, be very calm and prudent. A necessary element will be a knife or pruning shears. Emergency situations must be practiced on a wreck diving course.
Large depth – many attractive wrecks lie deep, often at a depth greater than 40m. To dive at such depth you must have appropriate certificates and training. Exceeding training limits is very dangerous. Never do that.
Underwater life – remember that wrecks are also the seat of marine animals, some of them lead a sedentary lifestyle and protect their territory. At risk, they can attack.
Basic recreational diving equipment can also be used for wreck diving. However, it is worth knowing that there are additional elements of equipment that should be taken with you.
Reel – an essential element for wreck diving. The reel cord lets you mark the return path. This is one of the basic skills on the wreck diving course.
Knife or pruning shears – this is an essential element. In the event of tangling, it enables release. When we don’t have a pruning shears we can use a diving knife. Another very good option is a special network knife.
Helmet – a helmet is a good solution not only in caves, but also on wrecks, it perfectly protects the head and allows you to install lighting or a camera.
Lighting – anyone who dives in the water knows how important good lighting is. For wreck diving, it’s good to take a high-power flashlight, it will allow us to look at various interesting places.
The largest and most interesting wrecks are sunk at sea, often far from the shore. This dive is done from a boat, and you must have a good diving base. By choosing the right dive center, you are guaranteed to receive all the necessary equipment, information about the dive site and a guide who knows these places.
At the pre-dive briefing, you’ll learn basic information about the wreck: size, length, when it sank, and why. You will certainly learn some of the history of this wreck.
Diving on wrecks can be dangerous. Although the wrecks are interesting, don’t risk if you don’t have proper training. You will learn safety rules at the course, and completing the course will allow you to participate in wreck diving around the world.
The wreck diver certificate confirms your theoretical and practical knowledge. Confirmation of diving qualifications is often required by the dive organizer.
Sunken wrecks are a great attraction and an unforgettable experience. You’ll fall in love with wreck diving from the first time. It’s an amazing way to learn history and learn something new.
You must remember that wreck diving is the next stage in the diver’s development and you must undergo appropriate training. You put yourself at risk without preparation. Just don’t do it!